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Texas Abortion Facts

State abortion statistics from the leading public and private sources.

Collective state abortion statistics are gathered privately by The Alan Guttmacher Institute (AGI) and federally by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Because of reporting lag, their most recent data is generally 2-3 years old. In most cases, state-level abortion facts are more current than the numbers reported by AGI or the CDC. Three states (California, Maryland, and New Hampshire) did not provide abortion data to the federal government for the last reporting period.

TO LEARN MORE ABOUT ABORTION, VISIT: Prenatal Development, Abortion Procedures or Abortion Pictures

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STATE-LEVEL DATA (Texas)

Total Abortions (2011): 72,470

The Texas Department of State Health Services reports that 72,470 abortions took place in Texas during 2011.

SOURCE: Texas Department of State Health Services


CDC DATA (Texas)

Total Abortions (2010): 77,463

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) reports that 77,463 abortions took place in Texas during 2010. The table below compares Texas abortion totals by year.

2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002
77,463 77,630 81,366 80,886 81,883 77,108 74,801 79,166 79,929

Abortion Rate (2010): 14.5

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) reports that the 2010 abortion rate for Texas was 14.5. The abortion rate is the number of abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years. Among reporting states and districts, the nationwide abortion rate for 2010 was 14.6. The table below compares Texas abortion rates by year.

2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002
14.5 15.0 15.9 15.9 16.3 15 15 16 17

Out-of-State Abortion Percentage (2010): 3.1%

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) reports that 3.1% of the 77,463 abortions that took place in Texas were performed on out-of-state residents.

Percentage of Reported Abortions by Known Age (2010):

<15 yrs 15-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 ≥40 yrs
Texas 0.2% 11.2% 32.8% 26.5% 16.2% 9.3% 3.8%
United States 0.5% 14.6% 32.9% 24.5% 15.3% 8.9% 3.4%

Percentage of Reported Abortions by Weeks of Gestation* (2010):

≤8 wks* 9-13 wks* 14-15 wks* 16-17 wks* 18-20 wks* ≥21 wks*
Texas 74.6% 20.6% 3.2% 0.5% 0.6% 0.5%
United States 65.9% 26.0% 3.3% 1.8% 1.8% 1.2%

*Gestational weeks are measured from the first day of the woman's last menstruation and not from the day of conception. Though it does not provide an accurate fetal age (which is roughly 2 weeks less than the gestational age), it is the simplest way for an OB/GYN to age a pregnancy since the day of conception is often not known. Hence, if an abortion occurs at 8 weeks gestation, it is actually aborting a 6 week embryo. The images on our Prenatal Development and Abortion Pictures pages are more precisely captioned with fetal ages in accordance with standard teaching texts on prenatal development.

Percentage of Reported Abortions by Procedure Type* (2010):

Curettage Medical Intrauterine Instillation Other
Texas 75.3% 24.8% NR 0%
United States 80.5% 17.8% 0% 1.9%

*To learn more about how various abortion procedures are performed, visit our Abortion Techniques page.

SOURCE: Abortion Surveillance --- United States, 2010


AGI DATA (Texas)

Total Abortions (2011): 73,200

The Alan Guttmacher Institute (AGI) reports that 73,200 abortions took place in Texas during 2011. In 2008, there were 84,610 abortions reported—compared with 85,670 in 2005.

Total Abortions Rank (2011): #4

Out of the 50 states (+ Washington DC) that AGI lists data for, Texas's 2011 abortion total places it at number 4 on the list (#1 on the list is the state or district with the most abortions and #51 is the state or district with the fewest).

Abortion Rate* (2011): 13.5

The Alan Guttmacher Institute (AGI) reports that the 2011 abortion rate for Texas was 13.5. In 2008, the abortion rate in Texas was 16.5. It was 17.3 in 2005 and 18.8 in 2000. The 2011 abortion rate across the entire United States was 16.9.
*The abortion rate is the number of abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years.

Abortion Rate Rank (2011): #22

Out of the 50 states (+ Washington DC) that AGI lists data for, Texas's 2011 abortion rate places it at number 22 on the list (#1 on the list is the state or district with the highest abortion rate and #51 is the state or district with the lowest).

Percentage of Pregnancies Ending in Abortion (2011): 14%

In 2011, 533,500 women in Texas became pregnant. 71% of these pregnancies resulted in live births and 14% in induced abortions.

Total Abortion Facilities (2011): 62

In 2011, the Alan Guttmacher Institute reports that there were 62 abortion providers in Texas. There were 67 providers in 2008, 64 providers in 2005, and 65 providers in 2000.

Abortion Restrictions (2014):

  • A woman must receive state-directed counseling that includes information designed to discourage her from having an abortion and then wait 24 hours before the procedure is provided.
  • The use of telemedicine for the performance of medication abortion is prohibited.
  • The parent of a minor must consent and be notified before an abortion is provided.
  • Public funding is available for abortion only in cases of life endangerment, rape or incest.
  • A woman must undergo an ultrasound before obtaining an abortion; the provider must show and describe the image to the woman. If the woman lives within 100 miles of an abortion provider she must obtain the ultrasound at least 24 hours before the abortion.

SOURCE: http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/sfaa/texas.html

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