Texas Abortion Statistics
State abortion statistics from the leading public and private sources.
Collective state abortion statistics are gathered privately by the Guttmacher Institute and federally by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC). Because of reporting lag, their most recent data is generally 2-3 years old. In most cases, state-level abortion facts are more current than the numbers reported by Guttmacher or the CDC. Guttmacher’s abortion statistics are estimates built on surveys of all known and suspected abortion providers. For 2014, 58% of queried providers responded to their information request. Abortion totals were estimated for the 42% of abortion providers who did not respond.
To read abortion stories from Texas, visit: Abortion Stories (Texas)
Total Abortions (2015): 55,287
The Texas Department of State Health Services reports that 55,287 abortions took place in Texas during 2015. This number includes abortions performed on out-of-state residents but does not include abortions performed on Texas residents in other states.
Total Abortions (2014): 54,148
The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) reports that 54,148 abortions took place in Texas during 2014. This number includes abortions performed on out-of-state residents but does not include abortions performed on Texas residents in other states. The table below compares Texas abortion totals by year.
Abortion Percentage (2014): 11.9%
In 2014, 11.9% of pregnancies in Texas ended in abortion. This number does not take into account miscarriages. It was arrived at by dividing the state abortion ratio by the sum of the abortion ratio plus 1,000. The abortion ratio is the number of abortions that occurred per 1,000 lives births. The table below compares Texas abortion percentages by year.
Out-of-State Abortion Percentage (2014): 1.9%
The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) reports that 1.9% of the abortions that took place in Texas were performed on out-of-state residents.
*U.S. averages are limited to reporting districts.
Estimated Total Abortions (2014): 55,230
The Guttmacher Institute estimates that approximately 55,230 abortions took place in Texas during 2014. In 2011, an estimated 73,200 abortions occured—compared with an estimated 84,610 in 2008 and 85,670 in 2005.
Estimated Abortion Percentage (2014): 12%
In 2014, an estimated 12% of pregnancies in Texas ended in abortion. This number does not take into account miscarriages. It was arrived at by dividing Guttmacher's abortion estimate by the sum total of live births (399,766)—as reported by the CDC—and estimated abortions.
Estimated Abortion Rate* (2014): 9.8
The Guttmacher Institute estimates that the 2014 abortion rate for Texas was 9.8. In 2011, the abortion rate in Texas was 13.5. It was 16.5 in 2008, 17.3 in 2005, and 18.8 in 2000. The 2014 abortion rate across the entire United States was 14.6.
*The abortion rate is the number of abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-44 years.
Percentage of All U.S. Abortions (2014): 6%
In 2014, approximately 6% of all U.S. abortions occurred in Texas.
Facilities That Perform Abortions (2014): 44
In 2014, the Guttmacher Institute reports that there were 44 abortion providers in Texas. There were 62 providers in 2011, 67 providers in 2008, 64 providers in 2005, and 65 providers in 2000.
State Abortion Restrictions (2016):
- A woman must receive state-directed counseling about abortion and then wait 48 hours before the abortion takes place.
- Medication abortion must be provided using the FDA protocol. The use of telemedicine for the performance of medication abortion is prohibited.
- The parent of a minor must consent before an abortion can take place.
- Public funding is available for abortion only in cases of life endangerment, rape or incest.
- A woman must undergo an ultrasound before obtaining an abortion and must be given the option to view the image. If the woman lives within 100 miles of an abortion provider she must obtain the ultrasound at least 24 hours before the abortion.
- An abortion cannot be performed at or after 20 weeks postfertilization (22 weeks after the woman’s last menstrual period) unless the woman’s life is endangered or her physical health is severely compromised.